Ref No: OG 122 Program Name: LNG Supply, Demand & Pricing

Starts Ends Venue Fees Join Now
22 Jul 2024 26 Jul 2024 Toronto, CA $ 6,950
25 Nov 2024 29 Nov 2024 Dubai, UAE $ 4,750
21 Jul 2025 25 Jul 2025 Toronto, CA $ 6,950
24 Nov 2025 28 Nov 2025 Dubai, UAE $ 4,750



This short training programme is aimed at improving the delegate’s knowledge and understanding of the various principles of operation involved in producing, handling and processing natural gas and associated fluids. In this programme you will learn how to:

  • increase learning and comprehension of the various systems,
  • contributing towards safe, efficient and economic operation of plant and equipment.

 This workshop will improve delegates’ knowledge about various aspects of the production operations and injection facilities. These include surface facilities; oil-gas separators; gas compression; gas refrigeration and cryogenic processes as well as gas treatment in gas dehydration (TEG plant) as gas sweetening by (DEA plant.

The course will touch on upstream as well as downstream operations.   The gas pipeline and storage tanks will be discussed in details.  The course will discuss good number of real cases and how to handle the LNG economy and its market.

Learning Objectives

By completing this training course the candidates will:

  • Describe the LNG systems involved and their control.
  • Learn about the important design principles of each LNG system and operational characteristics
  • State the hazards associated with LNG operations
  • Understand the basic concepts and principles of operation involved when dealing with equipment used in LNG plant
  • List the precautions taken when dealing with chemical and toxic substances and in particular demonstrate an awareness of the hazards associated with Hydrocarbons.

Learn in good details the:

  • The LNG market and its economy
  • The LNG price and challenges
  • The LNG transportation & storage

Training methodology

The seminar will use a range of interactive activities – group and individual exercises, case studies and discussions. There will also be formal inputs of theory and practical models. The programme is geared towards effective application of what has been learned in order to maximize the value of the seminar to both the individual delegate and his/her organization.

Program Content

Day 1: Introduction

  • Gas production operations /  processes
  • Oil – gas separators
  • The GOR principles
  • The gas condensate reservoir – basics
  • The gas reservoir – fundamentals
  • Physical and chemical properties of natural gas
  • Gas treatments operations
  • NGL recovery
  • The impurities removal
  • The sweetening process
  • The dehydration process
  • The gas laws
  • The gas compressors
  • The compression ability of gas
  • Type of compressors used in gas compression
  • The basics in gas reservoir engineering
  • Gas Reservoir rocks properties
  • What are the differences – gas reservoir vs. oil reservoir?
  • The world gas reserve
  • Types of gas  reverses – potential, estimated and approved
  • How to calculate the gas reserve
  • The GOR – Gas Oil ratio to be considered

Day-2:  Gas handling / transportation

  •  Gas storage tanks
  • The temperature factor
  • The flow rate control
  • The gas flow meters –  how thry work
  • The multiphase flow meter
  • The pressure drop calculations
  • Gas pipeline features
  • The use of PRV & PSV on gas system
  • The valves used in gas plant
  • The storage capacity of LNG
  • Types of storage tanks
  • Applications of pressure vessels
  • Sizes and shapes of pressure vessels
  • Calculations used in pressure vessels
  • Thickness and metals used
  • What are the main types of utilities facilities?
  • The cooling / refrigeration systems in production plant
  • The cryogenic process of LNG
  • The storage tanks  ;   Tanks types and sizes
  • Tanks Shapes and operating
  • The maintenance and handling
  • Underground storage
  • The supporting systems on storage tanks
  • Cathodic protection for gas pipeline system
  • LNG Storage Tank Inspection techniques
  • Maintenance of LNG tanks and minimising the corrosion problems

Day-3:  LNG Processes & Operations ‘Problem solving’ .

Brief on:

  • NGL liquid removal
  • H2S & CO2 removal
  • LNG refrigeration process
  • Gas Compression process
  • LNG cryogenic process
  • What is the alternative to systematic trouble shooting?
  • Limitations
  • Consequences
  • Revisit Concepts, Tools and Techniques
  • Your Problems – Case Studies
  • Your Action Plan

Concepts: Operational Problems Related To Instruments

  • The nature of process problems affecting LNG performance
  • Performance defined in terms of generic variables: Speed, Quality, and Cost
  • Effort inputs in context – Asset based or Business Process based
  • Structured approach – The Operations Process redefined
  • Configuration; Operation; and Optimization
  • Maturity Indexing: Planning, Control, Congruence, Empowerment
  • 6 Big Losses, 7 Wastes

Day -4 LNG market & economy

  •  How to estimate the production life or a gas reservoir
  • The oil / gas price predictions
  • Factors affecting the price of natural gas
  • What is NGL, LNG, PLG and TGL


  • The cost of drilling gas well
  • The cost differences between off-shore- onshore development
  • The cost of compression / and liquefying
  • The costing for gas production methods
  • The principles of Monte-Carlo analysis
  • The SWOT analysis on LNG market
  • The impact of renewable energy on the LNG economy
  • The profit margin in LNG industry
  • The financial risks in LNG projects
  • Social; political influences on LNG market
  • The cost of gas transportation
  • The LNG supply & demands factor
  • The Bio-gas Market  (cost and price)

Case studies

  • The GOR in different oilfields – economical study
  • The sour gas – sulphur recovery unit is it worth it?
  • Acidic natural gas – CO2 recovery unit is it worth it?

Day-5:  LNG Plant & Safety management

  •  Risk assessment
  • Safety precaution
  • Fire and explosion
  • Types of hazards
  • The HAZOP study techniques
  • Safety culture
  • The importance of PPE
  • Safety manage system
  • The leaks and spills
  • The fumes and volatile vapours
  • The gas detectors uses and operation
  • Safety Operation of Storage Tanks (Safety related devices)
  • The PRV & PSV  design & calculations
  • The Rupture disc
  • The H2S safety control
  • The realise of toxic gas
  • The safety aspect in LNG tanks
  • The safety considerations in gas pipeline


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